Ovarian Cancer

What is Ovarian Cancer?

"Ovarian cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the ovaries. The female reproductive system contains two ovaries, one on each side of the uterus. The ovaries — each about the size of an almond — produce eggs (ova) as well as the hormones estrogen and progesterone.

Ovarian cancer often goes undetected until it has spread within the pelvis and abdomen. At this late stage, ovarian cancer is more difficult to treat. Early-stage ovarian cancer, in which the disease is confined to the ovary, is more likely to be treated successfully." (Visit Ovarian Cancer, Mayo Clinic, for more information).

Different Types of Ovarian Cancer:

"Epithelial ovarian cancer, which arises from the surface of the ovary (the epithelium), is the most common ovarian cancer. Fallopian Tube Cancer and Primary Peritoneal Cancer are also included within this designation.

Germ Cell ovarian cancer arises from the reproductive cells of the ovaries and is rare.
Stromal cell ovarian cancer, which arises from connective tissue cells, is very rare.

Small cell carcinoma (SCCO) of the ovary is an extremely rare ovarian cancer. and it is not certain whether the cells in SCCO are from ovarian epithelial cells, sex-cord stromal cells or germ cells.

Not all ovarian tumors are cancer. Some ovarian tumors may be abnormal but not necessarily cancerous" (Visit What are the different types of ovarian cancer, Ovarian Cancer Research Alliance, for more information).

Types of Treatments:

Depending on the ovarian cancer type and its stage of advancement, treatments may be local or systemic. A local treatment means that only the area around the tumor is affected, whereas systemic treatments impact cancer cells throughout the body. Systemic treatments are usually drug therapies.



Visit Treating Ovarian Cancer, American Cancer Society, for more information

Caring For a Loved One with Ovarian Cancer

Facing Life with Ovarian Cancer for Caregivers - Ovarian Cancer Research Alliance

When taking care of a loved one with ovarian cancer, caregivers frequently put their own needs and emotions aside. However, this can eventually lead to burnout and impact their abilities to be effective caregivers. This resource offers tips for balancing priorities, managing emotions, and reaching out for help.

Caring for a Loved One with Ovarian Cancer: What Caregivers Need to Know - Healthline

Ovarian cancer impacts all aspects of a person’s life. This article describes what caregivers can do to help, including providing practical and emotional support, seeking out financial assistance, and balancing personal needs with caregiving responsibilities.

I Am A Caregiver - National Ovarian Cancer Coalition (NOCC)

This website has various resources for caregivers, including the TEAL Cares Network - Caregiver Support Group, a resource guide, and online learning series.

Resources for Caregivers - Minnesota Ovarian Cancer Alliance (MOCA) 

"Caregivers are a vital source of support to women with ovarian cancer. We’ve got resources to help you." This website includes support groups for men, caregiving tips, websites, and book recommendations.